Truman sought to bomb hiroshima and nagasaki, two major military/industrial targets, to avoid an invasion of japan, which truman knew would mean, in his words, quote, an okinawa from one end of japan to the other, end quote. The difficulty arises when we are faced with a moral decision that appears wrong but seems to have good effects, as in the case of the atomic bomb, where the deliberate killing of 180,000 japanese civilians, saved lives, as phyllis schlafly argued, or ended the war, as truman argued. The nuclear bombing of japan in 1945 is widely credited with hastening the end of the war even if true, was it ethical to drop the bomb.
The us decision to drop atomic bombs on the japanese cities of hiroshima and nagasaki in august 1945 has generated much controversy over the years some argue that the bombing was necessary to end world war ii, while others believe that more than 200,000 civilians died in vain. Visitors at peace park in nagasaki, japan, on saturday a ceremony at the park on sunday will commemorate the anniversary of the 1945 atomic attack on the city.
The atomic bombs were used for political reasons and as a manner of getting japan to surrender the ussr was planning to enter the pacific war against japan a month after ve day but america wanted to end the war before russia can enter in order to stop them from taking japan and spread communism. Most of the debate over the atomic bombing of japan focuses on the unanswerable question of whether it was necessary but that skirts the question of its morality thomas powers. The alternative to the atomic bomb was less humane and morally right the alternative to the atomic bombs was an invasion of japan, which was already being planned for 1946, and those plans included casualty estimates even more staggering than the deaths that have left a sea of crosses in american cemeteries at normandy and elsewhere.
The second atomic weapon used against japan, this single bomb resulted in the deaths of 80,000 japanese citizens for truman, the choice whether or not to use the atomic bomb was the most difficult decision of his life. The president's historic visit took place 71 years after the us dropped an atomic bomb on the city during world war ii, one of two it used during that conflict. The first use of an atomic bomb in warfare took place on august 6, 1945 the weapon was dropped on the japanese city of hiroshima by the us bomber enola gay , instantaneously destroying four square miles in the middle of the population center. Was harry truman wrong to take the decision he did on 16 august 1945, winston churchill defended him in a speech in the house of commons, making what has since become the standard case yes, japan would have been defeated eventually, but the bombings brought the second world war to an end without the need for a land invasion. The role of the two atomic bombings of the country in japan's surrender and the us's ethical justification for them has been the subject of scholarly and popular debate for decades the question of whether nations should have nuclear weapons, or test them, has been continually and nearly universally controversial.
The us use of nuclear weapons against japan during world war ii has long been a subject of emotional debate initially, few questioned president truman's decision to drop two atomic bombs, on. The imprecision of bombing and the use of devastating city bombing in europe eventually swayed united states pacific theater military leaders to authorize bombing of japanese mainland cities tokyo, nagoya, osaka, and kobe all were decimated by incendiary and other bombs. The ongoing struggle to present the history of the atomic bombings in a balanced and accurate manner is an interesting story in its own right, and one that has occasionally generated an enormous amount of controversy.
Critics of the decision to use the special bomb in 1945 are judging men born in the 19th century by the standards of the 21st no choice: why harry truman dropped the atomic bomb on japan. In 1991, according to a detroit free press survey conducted in both japan and the us, 63% of americans said the atomic bomb attacks on japan were a justified means of ending the war, while only 29% thought the action was unjustified. Truman was right to drop the atom bomb one of the most controversial issues of the twentieth century is the decision by president truman to use the atomic bomb on hiroshima and nagasaki in doing so he may have saved millions of lives but he ushered in the start of the nuclear age that still casts its shadow.